Virginia Trucking Laws

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (Title 49, Parts 350-399) govern all vehicles engaged in interstate traffic.

There are some situations where a tractor-trailer or other commercial motor vehicle is involved in only intrastate travel. For example, an appliance store in Reston may own a truck that only makes in-state deliveries.

The Virginia Department of Public Safety has adopted Title 49, Parts 382-384 and 390-399 of the federal regulations.

The following provisions are an overview of Virginia laws that affect trucks operating only in Virginia:

Driver Qualification

Virginia has adopted Part 391 of the Federal Regulations with some exceptions. For example, the minimum age requirement for a person to hold an intrastate commercial driver’s license is 18. A minimum age of 21 is the federal law. Also, all licenses issued, other than a Commercial Driver’s License, will be issued without classification (except for motorcycle or Class M).

Hours of Service

Virginia has adopted Part 395 of the Federal Regulations with one notable difference. The maximum driving and on-duty requirements can’t apply to intrastate transporters of agricultural commodities or farm supplies if the transportation is limited to an area within a 100-air-mile radius from the source of the commodities or farm supplies when such transportation occurs during planting and harvesting seasons.

Inspection and Maintenance

Virginia has adopted Part 396 of the Federal Regulations in it’s entirety with no differences.

Crash reports are available from:

Department of Motor Vehicles
Customer Records Division
P.O. Box 27412
Richmond, VA 23269
(866) 368-5463 (toll free)

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